Haramain High Speed Railway by Norman Foster

Foster + Partners has completed 450-kilometre Haramain high-speed rail line. The Haramain high-speed rail line now links the major Saudi Arabian cities of Makkah, Madinah, Jeddah and KAEC. With trains running at a max speed of 300 kilometres per hour, the travel time between Makkah and Madinah will be cut down to just 2 hours 20 minutes. The stations are designed to accommodate the growing passenger demand, from an initially anticipated 60 million to 135 million passengers per year.





The stations are built using a modular approach, with design elements that are common to all stations along the route. They are all covered by flexible vaulted roofs supported by grids of steel columns – described as structural trees. The modular system meant that each station could be designed to fit its site, and that in the future the grid can be extended to increase capacity. The vaults in each station are of a different colour, responding to the identity of the different cities. Small openings within the building's roof and its walls allow controlled amounts of light into the stations creating a calm, atmospheric and well-lit environment.










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